President Abdelmadjid Tebboune reaches halfway through his term

Abdelmadjid Tebboune was elected on 12 December 2019 for a five year term with just 58% of the Algerian electorate as president of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria. This is a similar official name to that of North Korea: the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Of course, the regime in Algeria is not the same as that in Pyongyang. However, if one asks Algerians at home and abroad they will say that their regime is neither democratic nor popular. Since independence, power in Algeria has always been mingled between hard authoritarianism and Democracy. Elections are organised regularly and there are political parties, as well as a few independent press, but Elections will never be transparent, political parties and Civil Society and independent Press will never be allowed to threaten the interests of the government and the Armed forces. No matter who stands for presidential office in Algeria now or in the future, the military will remain in control and have the final say.

Attempt to challenge military and political system

In recent years, there have been two attempts to challenge the military and political system. The first attempt led to a ten-year civil war, that lasted from 1991 to early 2002, in which 200,000 people were killed and several thousand more forcibly “disappeared”. To date, Algerian authorities have failed to investigate the human rights abuses committed both by armed groups and state security forces.

The second, peaceful attempt started in 2019 with thousands of demonstrators taking to the streets, week after week, first to protest the decision by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to run for a fifth term, and later to fight for free elections that could give the opposition a fair chance. The Hirak movement with the help of the Armed Forces, succeeded in forced Bouteflika to resign on 02 April 2019, but not in dislodging the military-civilian regime that has controlled the country since 1962, or to create an alternative leadership.

The Armed Forces:

From Houari Boumédiène’s (1965-1978) Coup d’État of 19 June 1965, to date, Military Security apparatus and armed Forces control practically every sphere of Algerian life and control it intelligently, and they do not want to be blamed for socio-economic mismanagement or Human Rights issue. Basically, the Algerian Armed Forces, like Egyptian and Pakistani Armed Forces, maintain tight control of politics and the economy and since independence, every government  treats the Armed Forces as national pride among Algerians.

In an article by Xavier Driencourt, former French Ambassador to Algeria 2008 to 2012 and again from 2017 to 2020, published in Le Figaro 08/01/2023 described magnificently the Algerian power. He wrote:

le pouvoir algérien de tous les maux possibles:  «système militaire», «brutal», «formé aux méthodes de l’ex-URSS», «affairiste», «obsédé par le maintien de ses privilèges et de sa rente», «indifférent aux difficultés du peuple algérien»…

He continued: «45 millions d’Algériens n’ont qu’une obsession, partir et fuir» et que «à ce rythme-là, peu de gens resteront en Algérie».

Many of the Algerian armed forces and present political elites are in their 70s, or even in their 80s and 90s, and trained in former Soviet Republics and are close to the present Russian regime and hostile to NATO. The Russian-Algerian army carry out joint combat manoeuvre exercises regularly. The last joint exercise was held in Russia’s Southwestern City of Ossetia from 1 to 12 October 2021. Russian army’s official TV channel Zvezda reported that the exercises had included simulations on “storming cities where militants are holding up.”  The 2022 exercises were planned to take place on 16 to 28 November in the Béchar region, on the border with Morocco.

Invitation

The Algerian People’s National Army’s Chief of Staff, General Said Chanegriha, invited Mr Shugayev Dimitrii Evenievich, Director of the Federal Service of Military Technical Cooperation of the Russian Federation, to Algeria. The meeting took place on 10 November in the presence of the Russian Ambassador to Algeria and National Security experts of Algeria and Russia. The aim of Dimitrii Evenievich’s visit was: (1) to discuss the planned exercises of Algerian and Russian armed forces on 16 to 28 November 2022 and (2) the sales of weapons to Algeria.

Dimitrii Evenievich also held meetings with Foreign Ministry officials and the Algerian Parliamentary Vice Speaker, Mr Bouteldja Allel and in an interview with Russian news agency Sputnik Mr Allel said: “The exercises confirm the depth of the strategic partnership between Moscow and Algeria, and Algeria acquires Russian weapons on a regular basis and in large quantities,” he also told Sputnik. “The drills are also an extremely important part of the strategic cooperation between the two countries.”

After the meeting between General Said Chanegriha, and Mr Shugayev Dimitrii Evenievich the Algerian Ministry of Defence said in a statement: “This meeting allowed the two parties to discuss bilateral military cooperation and ways to diversify it to include areas of mutual interest.”

2023 Algerian military budget

Algeria, will allocate more than $22 billion to defence in 2023, a budget that has more than doubled compared to the previous years, according to the finance bill adopted on 22 November 2022 by the Algerian National Assembly. The previous years national defence budgets are as follows:

  • In 2022, the national defence budget was 1,300 billion dinars (more than 9 billion dollars),
  • In 2021, these expenditures reached 9.1 billion dollars, or 5.6% of the country’s GDP.
  • For 2020 it was $9.71B, a 5.78% decline
  • For 2019 it was $10.30B, a 7.51% increase from 2018.
  • For 2018 it was $9.58B, a 4.86% decline
  • For 2017 it was $10.07B, a 1.41% decline from 2016.

This unprecedented increase in the military budget comes in a context of strong tensions with Morocco, with which Algiers severed diplomatic relations on 24 August 2021 due to Algerian financial and Military support to the Polisario movement and Diplomatic relations between Morocco and Israel which Algeria considers as a security threat. However, this huge military spending will not yield any result. For instance, it will not prevent Economic and Financial Crimes or Stop Terrorism. The best result to resolve conflict is always by negotiations.

Although Algerian Military equipment since independence are Russian weapons and some of it is out of date, Algeria wanted to diversify, particularly since the Ukraine war where the Russian weapons did not perform well. The previous Algerian Ambassador to the United States, Mr Madjid Bouguerra informed US officials that Algeria intends to diversify the equipment of the Algerian Armed Forces. His Successor Ahmed Boutach was instructed when he was appointed  in 2022 to explore the possibilities of purchasing US Weapons.

Algerian army chief visit to France

During President Macron’s working visit to Algeria from 25-27 August 2022, the Chief of Staff of the French Armed Forces invited his Algerian counterpart, General Said Chanegriha, to visit France. On 23 January 2023, The Algerian Army chief arrived in Paris for three days, the first visit by an Algerian Military Chief in 17 years. The previous visitor  was General Ahmed Gaid Salah in May 2006.

Algeria’s Defence Ministry said the visit was aimed at strengthening cooperation between the Algerian and French armies and would allow the two sides “to examine questions of common interest.”

The two countries have mutual military concerns, notably in the unstable Sahel region that borders southern Algeria and where French troops are fighting Islamist extremists.

Members of the European Parliament and Members of the US Congress opposition

Meanwhile, a group of 17 Members of the European Parliament wrote to the European Commission Chief, Ursula von der Leyen, expressing “deep concern at Algeria’s close political and economic relations to Russia” and called on her re-open the European Union’s association agreement with Algeria.

The MEPs’ letter also criticised Algeria’s decision to abstain on a United Nations resolution censuring Russia’s attempts to annex Ukrainian regions.

The US Congress opposition

The U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Vice Chairman Marco Rubio sent the following letter to U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken calling for appropriate designation of parties whose significant purchase of Russian materiel enable Russia’s destabilising actions.


The Honorable Antony Blinken Secretary
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street NW Washington, D.C. 20520

Dear Secretary Blinken:

September 14, 2022

I write with great concern with regard to the ongoing defense procurement between the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria and the Russian Federation.

As you know, Section 231 of the 2017 Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, directs the President to impose sanctions designations against parties engaged in significant transactions with representatives of the defense or intelligence sectors of the Government of the Russian Federation. The President has delegated that authority to the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury.

Russia is Algeria’s largest military supplier. Algeria is also among the top four purchasers of Russian arms worldwide, culminating with a $7 billion arms deal in 2021. Influx of money from any source to Russia will only further enable Russia’s war machine in Ukraine. Yet, sanctions available to you have not yet been utilised.

Accordingly, I encourage you to take the threat Russia continues to pose to global stability seriously and to appropriately designate parties whose significant purchase of Russian materiel enable Russia’s destabilising actions.

Thank you for your attention to this important matter. Sincerely,

Marco Rubio U.S. Senator

cc: The Honorable Janet Yellen, Secretary of the Treasury


On the same date Elizabeth Moore Aubin, US Ambassador to Algeria, had a long meeting with General Said Chanrgrih and other Ministry of Defense officers to explain the US Laws.

Due to the intervention of European and American governments, Algeria cancelled Russian and Algerian joint Military exercises

VISAS

From the beginning of 2020, the French President instructed his ministries to slash the number of visa deliveries to Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia by a third due to diplomatic efforts with the three North African countries having failedto take back illegal immigrants of their citizens in France.

Algeria reacted with anger and summoned the French ambassador to receive a formal protest against the move. Similar protests were issued by Moroccan and Tunisian governments at the time.

During the French President’s working visit to Algeria from 25-27 August 2022, the French President agreed to resume issuing Visas to Algerians and during a visit of the French Minister of Interior to Algeria on the 18 December 2022, he announced a return to a normal consular service. It was also announced by the French Foreign Ministry that normal consular service is available to Moroccans and Tunisians.

France is already home to about 4 million Algerians and similar numbers of Moroccans and Tunisians. The French visa is for the Schengen area, which consists of most of the European Economic Area.

Two and half years in office

The story of the first half of Tebboune’s term, at least by the numbers, is a mixed bag. During his presidential campaign, an election which was marred by protest, disruption and a partial boycott, he made several pledges. In responding to a destabilised political system and a society in revolt, namely, to rebuild the country’s ailing institutions, revive its collapsing economy, increase the inclusion of its marginalised youth, and restore its place on the international scene and build a “New Algeria”. Tebboune’s political roadmap was endorsed by Algerian strongman military chief Ahmed GaidSalah. Therefore, the last two and half years should be seen as a period of establishing his legitimacy at home and abroad.  Many protesters reject Tebboune as part of a discredited regime and as the Armed Forces candidate, and want a new political system instead.

Visitors

There have been a huge number of foreign visitors to Algeria, mainly from European countries seeking Algeria’s help on Gas supply due to the Russian and Ukraine war. President Tebboune also visited: Egypt on 24 and 25 January 2022 a working and fraternity visit to Egyptian President Al-Sisi; and to the State of Qatar from 19 to 21 February 2022; working visit to Turkey, 15 and 16 May 2022; and Italy, 25 to 27 May 2022 at the invitation of the Italian President. His visits to the Middle East was mainly devoted to persuading Arab leaders to attend the Arab League Summit in Algeria which took place on 1 and 2 November 2022. Three overseas visits are planned for 2023, a state visit to France confirmed in May and to Russia and China later this year.

Economy

The Russian and Ukraine war and the European Union and the US embargoes on Russian crude oil and gas, which saw the price of oil and natural gas climb to an all-time high, benefited Algeria and doubled its revenues.

 On 19 January 2023, President Tebboune, delivered a speech at a meeting of 58 province governors, in which he revealed that the current foreign exchange reserves had increased to over $60 billion, while the import bill has decreased to $36 billion after it reached an annual average of $63 billion in the past years.

“The economy is now based on production, not on imports. Algeria is witnessing a clear social and economic dynamics,” Tebboune affirmed, noting that 2023 is “the year of efficiency, raising the standard of living, increasing the purchasing power of the citizen, and of reducing inflation.”

However, nearly 3 million Algerians are unemployed at present and the government does not invest in job creation, particularly for young people, and the Inflation Rate in Algeria increased to 8.60 percent in November from 8.40 percent in October of 2022.

 

Second term in Office in 2024

President Tebboune has now served half of his five years terms and is preparing to stand for a second term in office on the ground that he has not completed his reforms he promised to Algerians when he was elected. The army and his advisers are concerned about the socio-economic situation which is deteriorating and think the President should stand for a second term because he still has a lot to achieve. Potential Candidates are discouraged by officials from standing. For example, a highly experienced politician and former presidential candidate and cabinet minister, Mr Azzedine Mihoubi informed his National Democratic Rally party that he is retiring from politics. Members of his party, including the former Prime Minister, Ahmed Ouyahia have been prosecuted and jailed. It has been reported by local independent online News that the Algerian Secret Service and the army may have discouraged him from standing. Another political activist and businessman, Mr Rachid Nekkaz who urged Algerians to boycott the 2019 presidential election, was arrested in May 2021 and was sentenced to five years in prison. On January 2023 he wrote to President Tebboune to  “officially” inform him of his decision to “give up politics in Algeria”. President Tebboune released him from prison on January 19, 2023. Therefore, at present, if you give up politics and independent journalism in Algeria, you will be exempted from prison.

Massive Purge

The purge of his political and media enemies continues, particularly members and supporters of the previous government who supported the Hirak daily peaceful protest during the first year of his presidency. His government will continue its massive purge and to criminalise the dissemination of what he considers “Fake news”, particularly those who did not support him during his presidential election in 2019 as well as members of the former government, journalists, and independent media. Like Ennahar TV owner, Mr Anis Rahmani who was charged with money laundering and insulting Armed forces. He was sentenced on 12 February 2020 to five years in prison and all his wealth was confiscated.

The government devoted security resources and attention to cracking down on any opposition groups, particularly those who criticise his government; independent human right supporters are  charged for denigrating Algeria’s image internationally and put behind bars.

On 8 September 2022, a distinguished journalist, Mr Belkacem Haouam was arrested in Algiers over an investigative article on banned pesticides used in Algerian dates, that he published in his Newspaper. He was charged for “spreading false news” in the article, and he was handed a one year prison sentence and the authorities continue to crack down on the free press.

Algerian opposition and political refugees outside Algeria are also targetted, like journalist and human rights activist, Abdou Semmar exiled in France, who was sentenced to death for revealing corruption within national state-owned oil company Sonatrach. The Algerian government see this as an act of “high treason” and labelled them as terrorist organisations. The authorities also accused France and Morocco of funding them without providing any evidence. The Algerian National Press accused opposition activists of working for Israel and Moroccan government and harming national security and unity.

Even the General Union of Algerian Workers Chief, Mr Abdelmadjid Sidi Said, 76 year old who  did not support Tebboune’s election was charged for Money Laundering and on 14 November 2022, despite dying of cancer, he was given 10 years in prison; his children: Ramine, 12 years, Hanafi, 5 years and Djamil 3 years, and all their wealth were confiscated. Practically every member of Bouteflika’s government and supporters have been given very long prison sentences. The latest, Mr Abdeslam Bouchouareb, former Minister of Industry and Mines was given 100 years in prison in December 2022 for corruption

Cracking down on  free press continues

The last independent local Radio, Radio M and Maghreb Emergent outside the city of Algiers, its owner Mr Ihsane El-Kadi was arrested on 23 December 2022 and shutdown his radio station as well as  his online services. Two other well-known journalists: Khaled Drareni and Karim Tabbou were also arrested by the Police at the same time. It has been reported by El-Kadi’s close colleagues that he published information about the armed forces who wanted President Tebboune to stand for a second term in office.

This is not the first time that El-Kadi was detained by Police, on 8 June 2022 he was arrested and sentenced to 6 months in prison for an article published on 23 March about the Algerian Islamist political movement, Rachad and Hirak. Both organisations are declared Terrorist Organisations by the Algerian government.

Another independent Newspaper, Le quotidien El Watan, which was founded in 1990 by 19 journalist who left the FLN government-owned newspaper El Moudjahid, to provide independent analysis and give a voice to the Algerian opposition and speaking out about censorship and corruption. The Newspaper’s Bank Accounts were blocked by the authorities due to Non-Payment of Tax Returns and money owed to Le Crédit Populaire d’Algérie. El Watan, asked the government for help, but the request was simply ignored.

A second Newspaper, Liberté Quotidien National d’Information was forced to close down in April 2022 after 30 years in circulation, due to withdrawal of financial support by the Algerian billionaire businessman, Mr Issad Rebrab who was sentenced to six months in prison for tax, banking and customs offences, in 2019 and a fine of 10.3 million euros. He believes that his Newspapers cannot report freely and it is safer for his business to close it down.

As a political rule, Algerian National companies and institutions will not advertise in Independent News Papers and online news outlet.

In Control

With the support of the Armed Forces, President Tebboune has now increased his dominance over all Algerian institutions and opposition to his rule has been eliminated.

Since becoming president, his main ambition is to make Algeria a superpower of Africa, particularly North Africa and to revive the Houari Boumedienne Myth of Third World Ideology.

First, he cut off diplomatic ties with Morocco on 24 August 2021, accusing Morocco of supporting Algerian opposition groups in European countries and Morocco’s “Zionist link” referring to Morocco’s diplomatic relations with Israel. In addition, on 22 September 2021, Algeria’s presidency closed Algerian airspace to all Moroccan planes and cut off gas supply to Morocco. The Algerian regime believe that close diplomatic relations with Israel is a direct threat to Algerian military and security. However, Algeria has never criticised Egypt, Jordan, United Arab Emirates and recently Lebanon for having good diplomatic relations with Israel. Algerians, particularly those of Moroccan and Algerian mixed-marriage who show any support for Morocco are treated as harming national security. Because of so much hatred caused by Algerian media and politician towards Morocco, some families were forced to divorce.

On 5 July 2022, Algeria’s Ministry of Higher Education ordered a ban on Algerian scholars attending academic conferences in Morocco or publishing articles in Moroccan journals. See the following links:

https://www.al-fanarmedia.org/2022/07/algerias-ban-on-collaborations-with-moroccan-scholars/
https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20220706-algeria-suspends-academic-participation-in-moroccan-events-and-journals/
https://www.shihabpresse.dz/?p=138326&fbclid=IwAR1hE3SR721VoMsLtNYp7oZtghiJZjCt1kzn5jWLNvlL4-q7wmJeb-vXm3o

Even foreign investment companies who intend to invest in Algeria are required not to support Moroccan claims or invest in Western Sahara. On 19 January 2023, Mr Ali Aoun, Algerian Minister of Pharmaceutical Industry visited a Saudi owned company, Tabuk Pharmaceutical and Mr Ali Aoun saw on Tabuk company’s website a map which showed Western Sahara as part of Morocco. He instructed the Saudi Manager of Tabuk to remove it immediately.

For the Algerian élite and its manufacturers of public opinion ideas, everything bad that happens in Algeria, including the August 2022 forest fires, which killed 37 people and destroyed many hectares of land, is caused by Morocco; Algeria could have been greater had it not been for Morocco; and Morocco’s successes are due to some malevolent forces at work and not to the hard work and resourcefulness of Moroccans. So, why is the Algerian Regime obsessed with Morocco? Do they want regime change? This is the original policy when the Polisario movement was founded by Houari Boumedienne.

On 19 January 2023, in a speech delivered at the opening of a meeting of 58 province governors, which opposition parties consider as an advance election campaign for the 2024 election, President Tebboune instructed province governors to “get rid of hesitation” and “show a spirit of initiative and boldness,”

He added, “We insist on fighting corruption and corruptors, Algeria will remain a state of justice and law,” stressing that the country “will not collapse despite enemy plots.” A reference to Morocco?

On his foreign policy, he simply repeated the previous statements, namely Algeria’s full support to international liberation movements: Polisario, Palestine. He told his province governors: “Pour nous c’est une question de principe. Nous allons lutter de toutes nos forces pour ces causes, la cause sahraouie, la cause palestinienne et toutes les causes justes dans le monde. Telle est la politique de notre pays”. He added: “Nous ne lâcherons pas la cause sahraouie, quel qu’en soit le prix”.  Taiwan, Basque National Liberation Movement and Ukraine are not in Algeria’s list. Algeria does provide Military Hardware and training to Polisario but not to the Palestinians.

 

Secondly, President Tebboune, has established close relations with Tunisia’s President, Kais Saied and managed to create conflict between Morocco and Tunisia. This conflict was due to two issues. (a) Algeria persuaded Tunisia to abstain during a UN resolution on Western Sahara;

(b) During a Japanese-African development conference on 27 August 2022, which was hosted by Tunisia, President Tebboune asked President Kais Saied to invite Polisario leader, Brahim Ghali. Kais Saied did so without informing the Foreign Ministry of Japan who were the sponsors of the conference. The Tunisian President gave the Polisario leader full presidential honours on arrival at Tunis Airport. Due to this, Morocco boycotted the conference and recalled its Ambassador to Tunisia. Since then, there has been very little trade and contact with Tunisian government.

Thirdly, he direct his foreign ministry to mediate between armed groups and Malian government as well as Tuareg separatist and Malian government. Algeria has been involved in this mediation during the last 25 years without any tangible result.

Algeria, has also been involved in Libyan Mediation and Tebboune threatens to send in his armed forces if Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar takes over Tripoli and threatens Algerian security. Again to date, very little has been achieved.

International Relations

In the last two years President Tebboune embarked on improving Algeria’s international relations, he received various foreign delegations and presidents, Italian President Sergio Mattarella paid a two-day visit to Algeria at the invitation of the Algerian President, on 6-7 Novermber 2021, and French President Emmanuel Macron from 25-27 August 2022.

Arab League Summit, Algiers 1st  and 2nd  November 2022

2022 was Algeria’s turn to host the annual Arab League summit and this is the fourth time since independence, that Algeria has hosted the event. The previous summits organised by Algeria were 1973, 1988 and 2005. The 2023 annual meeting will be hosted by Saudi Arabia.

The meeting did not yield much result. Algeria wanted on the agenda an emphasis on Arab Unity and to revive the Beirut Declaration/Arab League Peace Initiative of 28 March 2002 which does not allow Arab States to establish diplomatic relations with Israel until it withdrew from occupied territories. However, since some Arab Countries have already established diplomatic relations with Israel, Arab Foreign Ministers did not allow this on the agenda, but agreed that Palestinian issues should be at the top of the agenda. Indeed, all previous summits contain declarations about Palestinian conflict and condemnation of Israel. However, apart from condemnation, Algeria who claims to be the only one who champions the Palestinian cause, never supplies arms or training to the Palestinians to liberate their land.

The other issues on the agenda were full support to Libyan people, Yemen legitimate government, and Lebanese government. However, not a single paragraph was devoted to thousands of Arab refugees around the world, particularly in European countries and how to settle conflicts in Yemen, Syria, Lebanon and Western Sahara. Middle Eastern delegates proposed a paragraph condemning Iran’s regime interference in the Middle East region, but Algeria refused to allow this as well as discussion on Russian invasion of Ukraine. Therefore, the summit achieved very little.

All 22 members of the Arab League attended. However, many Arab Heads of State, including Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Bahrain, Jordan’s King Abdullah, and Oman stayed away but were represented at the event by Foreign Ministers and Advisors.

This Summit, was initially due to be held in 2020, 2021 and finally March 2022. But due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it was postponed to November to coincide with the anniversary of the outbreak of the Algerian Revolution.

 


SUMMIT OF THE LEAGUE OF ARAB STATES: “ALGIERS DECLARATION”, 02 NOVEMBRE 2022

The following is the full text of the declaration of the Arab leaders’ summit.

Arab leaders have  reiterating the centrality of the Palestinian cause, as in the past summit meeting avoiding to address their own splits over  normalising ties with Israel and reforms, human rights, and conflicts between themselves, for example war in Yemen, Civil War in Somalia and Western Sahara which Algeria refused any mediation.

After repeated postponements due to Covid-19 and despite the widespread absence of several Arab leaders, the 31st summit of the League of Arab States was held on November 1 and 2 in Algiers. At its conclusion, the “Declaration of Algiers” was read out by Nadir Larbaoui, Algeria’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations.

French text is printed below

“We, leaders of the Arab States, gathered in the city of Algiers in the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, on November 1 and 2, 2022, corresponding to 7-8 Rabi’ al-Thani 1444 of the Hegira, on the occasion of the thirty-first (31) ordinary session of the Council of the League of Arab States at the summit level, at the kind invitation of His Excellency, President Abdelmadjid Tebboune, President of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria:

Driven by our common history and the ties of Arab solidarity which espoused its finest expression through the adherence of Arab peoples and countries to the struggle of the Algerian people during the Glorious November Revolution and the sacrifices of Arab brothers for the triumph of their Algerian brothers.

In remembrance of the historic resolutions taken by the Arab leaders during all the previous summits, including those held in Algeria at pivotal stages in the history of our Nation, and taking into account the collective achievements made during these phases in favor of the causes of the Arab Nation and the joint Arab action.

Aware of the delicate situation and the frantic developments on the international scene as well as the signs of the current state of polarization which augur a reconfiguration of the balance of power, due to the dangers it may pose to our national security and the stability of our homelands. As such,  it is  imperative to federate our efforts to preserve our common interests and position ourselves as an influential and active actor to draw the contours of a new international order based on justice and sovereign equality between States.

We salute the initiative of His Excellency, the President of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Mr. Abdelmadjid Tebboune who chose the “Reunification of the ranks” as the theme of our summit, as we express our deep pride in sharing, with the President, the Government and the people of Algeria, the festivities marking the 68th anniversary of the Glorious November Revolution, and we bow to the memory of the valiant martyrs who irrigated this pure land with their blessed blood:

We declare the following:

First: Concerning the Palestinian cause

– Importance of the centrality of the Palestinian cause, the absolute support for the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to freedom, self-determination and the establishment of the independent State of Palestine, fully sovereign on the borders of June 4, 1967, with East Al Quds as its capital, the right of return and compensation for Palestinian refugees, in accordance with United Nations General Assembly resolution 194 of 1948.

– Commitment to the Arab Peace Initiative of 2002, with all its elements and priorities, and commitment to a just and comprehensive peace as a strategic option to end the Israeli occupation of all Arab lands, including the Syrian Golan, the Shebaa Farms and the Lebanese hills of Kafr Shuba, and to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict on the basis of the principle of “land for peace”, international law and the relevant resolutions of international legality.

– Continuation of efforts to protect the occupied city of Al-Quds and its holy sites and to defend it against unacceptable and reprehensible attempts to alter its demography and Arab-Muslim and Christian identity as well as its historical and legal status, including through support to the historic Hashemite trusteeship to protect Islamic and Christian religious places, and the Administration of Al-Quds Waqfs and Al Aqsa Mosque Affairs under the Jordanian Ministry of Waqfs and Islamic Places, with exclusive jurisdiction in this area, in addition to the role of the Al-Quds Committee and the Al-Quds Fund to defend the city of Al-Quds and support the resistance of its population.

– Lifting of the Israeli blockade imposed on the Gaza Strip and condemnation of the use of force by the occupation against the Palestinians, and of all barbaric practices, including assassinations and arbitrary arrests, while demanding the release of all detainees and prisoners, especially children, women, the sick and the elderly.

– Adoption and support of the approach of the State of Palestine to obtain full membership in the United Nations, while calling on countries which have not yet recognized the State of Palestine to do so, in addition to the imperative support for Palestinian legal efforts to hold the Israeli occupation accountable for the war crimes and crimes against humanity it has committed and continues to commit against the Palestinian people.

– Tribute to the Arab efforts made for the unification of the Palestinian ranks, and to the signing by the Palestinian brothers of the “Declaration of Algiers”, emanating from the “Conference of unification of the ranks for the Palestinian national unity”, held in Algiers from October 11 to 13, 2022, while stressing on the need to combine the efforts of Arab countries to accelerate the achievement of this noble objective, in particular through the accompaniment of the Palestinian brothers to concretize the stages agreed in the aforementioned Declaration.

Second: Concerning the situation prevailing in the Arab world

– Strengthening of joint Arab action to protect Arab national security in all its political, economic, food, energy, water and environmental dimensions, and contribution to the resolution of the crises that certain Arab countries are going through, so as to preserve the unity of the member countries, their territorial integrity and their sovereignty over their natural resources commensurate with the aspirations of their peoples to a decent life.

– Rejection of any form of foreign interference in the internal affairs of Arab countries and commitment to the principle of Arab solutions to Arab problems through the strengthening of the role of the Arab League in the prevention and resolution of crises in a peaceful manner, and strengthening inter-Arab relations. In this context, we salute the steps and efforts made by several Arab States, in particular the State of Kuwait, in favor of Arab and Gulf solidarity.

– Full solidarity with the Libyan people and support for efforts to end the Libyan crisis through an inter-Libyan solution that preserves Libya’s unity and sovereignty, protects its security and the security of neighboring countries and achieves the aspirations of its people to the holding of elections as soon as possible to ensure lasting political stability.

– Support to the legitimate Government of Yemen, the formation of the Presidential Leadership Council and the efforts made to reach a political solution to the crisis in the country, in accordance with the references in force, while insisting on the need to renew the humanitarian truce as essential step in this process aimed at achieving an inclusive political settlement that guarantees the unity, sovereignty, stability and territorial integrity of Yemen and the security of the countries of the Arab Gulf, as well as the rejection of all forms of foreign interference in its internal affairs.

– Collective and leading role of the Arab States in the efforts aimed at achieving a political solution to the Syrian crisis, while addressing all its political, security, humanitarian and economic fallout with a view to guaranteeing the unity and sovereignty of Syria, realizing the aspirations of its people and restoring its security, stability and position at the regional and international levels.

– Support for constitutional activity in Iraq, including the formation of the Government, while welcoming the efforts exerted to achieve stability and economic development and realize the hopes and aspirations of the Iraqi people, as well as the success achieved by Iraq in the fight against terrorist organizations and the sacrifices of its people in defense of the sovereignty and security of their country.

– Solidarity with the Republic of Lebanon for the preservation of its security and stability, while supporting the measures it has taken to establish its sovereignty over its territory and its maritime space, so that this country implements the required reforms and that the parliament elects a new president of the country.

– Support to the Federal Republic of Somalia for the consolidation of the bases of security and stability through the contribution of the Arab States to the strengthening of Somali national capacities in the sphere of the fight against terrorism, with a view to enabling this sisterly country to meet the challenges facing it in the current stage, particularly the acute drought crisis.

– Support for continued efforts towards a political solution between Djibouti and Eritrea regarding the border dispute and the issue of Djiboutian prisoners.

– Need to contribute to supporting the Arab States which have gone through or are going through a difficult political, security and economic situation, or those which face exceptional situations due to natural disasters, by mobilizing the means available according to the formulas in place at the bilateral, Arab, regional and international levels.

– Need to create a nuclear-free zone, free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, in accordance with agreed benchmarks, and to invite all parties concerned to join and implement the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons ( NPT), which remains the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation system.

Third: Regarding the strengthening and modernization of joint Arab action

– Commit to continuing the process of strengthening and modernizing joint Arab action and promoting it in line with the aspirations of the Arab peoples, following a new approach that consolidates traditional frameworks and places the concerns of the Arab citizen at the heart of its priorities.

– Promote the constructive proposals presented by the President of the People`s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Mr. Abdelmadjid Tebboune for the activation of the role of the Arab League in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, in addition to the consecration of the popular dimension and strengthening the position of youth and innovation in joint Arab action.

– Emphasize the need to launch an interactive dynamic between official Arab institutions and civil society actors with all their persuasions and active forces, through the creation of spaces for the exchange of ideas, fruitful debate and constructive dialogue capable of unifying efforts to meet the challenges that arise with the association of all actors.

– Undertake to multiply efforts for the concretization of the Arab economic integration project according to a global vision ensuring an optimal exploitation of the assets of the Arab economies, but also of the precious opportunities that they present, the objective being to ensure a full activation of the Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAZALE), in anticipation of the creation of the Arab Customs Union.

– Emphasize the combination of efforts to consolidate collective Arab capacities in response to the challenges posed in the areas of food, health and energy security, and the fight against climate change, while emphasizing the imperative development of cooperation mechanisms for the institutionalization of Arab action in these areas.

Fourth: Regarding relations with neighbouring countries and partnerships

– Emphasize the need to establish healthy and balanced relations between the Arab and the international communities, including its Islamic, African and Euro-Mediterranean environment, relations based on respect for the rules of good neighborliness, trust, fruitful cooperation and mutual commitment to the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, at the top of which is respect for the sovereignty of countries and non-interference in their internal affairs.

– Emphasize the importance of existing cooperation and partnership forums between the Arab League and the various international and regional partners, being important spaces for political consultation and the establishment of balanced relations and partnerships, based on respect and mutual interests.

Fifth: Concerning the international situation

– Emphasize that the growing tensions on the international scene highlight, more than ever, the structural dysfunctions of international governance mechanisms, and the imperative need to address them under an approach guaranteeing equity and equality for all countries and putting an end to the marginalization of developing countries.

– Affirm the importance of the participation of Arab countries in defining the contours of the new post-Covid-19 world order and war in Ukraine, as a harmonized and united bloc and as an actor who can, with his will, his capacities and skills, contribute effectively and positively in this area.

– Commit to the principles of the non-alignment and the common Arab stances vis-à-vis the war in Ukraine, based on the rejection of the use of force and the adoption of peaceful solutions through the effective adherence of the Arab League Contact Group at ministerial level (composed of Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Sudan, Iraq and the United Arab Emirates, in addition to the Secretary General of the Arab League) to international efforts aimed at crystallizing a political solution to the crisis in line with the principles of the UN Charter and taking into account the security concerns of stakeholders, while rejecting the politicization of international organizations. Highlight, in this context, the efforts made by other Arab countries, such as; the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

– Promote the balanced policy adopted by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies (OPEC+), in order to guarantee the stability of world energy markets and the sustainability of investments in this strategic sector within the framework of an economic approach ensuring the protection of the interests of producer and consumer countries alike.

– Highlight the need to unify efforts aimed at combating terrorism and all forms of extremism, dry up the sources of its financing, and mobilize the international community within the framework of an approach with complementary dimensions based on the commitment to rules of international law and relevant UN resolutions, in particular with regard to the partners’ claim to prohibit the use of their territories as a refuge or platform for incitement or support for acts of terrorism against other countries.

– Commend the commendable initiatives of certain Arab countries aimed at putting an end to the proliferation of Islamophobia, reducing tensions and promoting the values ​​of tolerance, respect for others, interfaith dialogue, cultures and civilizations’ exchanges and dialogue, and promote the values ​​of living together in peace, proclaimed by the UN as an International Day, on the initiative of Algeria.

– Welcome, in this context, the historic visit of the Vatican Pope to the Kingdom of Bahrain, and his participation with the Grand Imam of the Mosque of Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, President of the Council of Muslim Elders, Dr. Ahmed Mohamed Al-Tayyeb, to the work of the “Bahrain Forum for East-West Dialogue for Human Coexistence”.

– Commend the important role of Arab countries in the face of the major challenges facing humanity, such as; climate change, while welcoming, in this vein, the Middle East Green Initiative, launched by Saudi Arabia.

– Affirm the need for the Arab States to play an eminent role in the organization of major international events which are intended to be important and structuring rendez-vous in international relations.

We express in this context:

– Our support for the Arab Republic of Egypt, which is preparing to host the 27th session of the Conference of States Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

– Our support for the State of Qatar, which is preparing to host the 2022 Football World Cup, and our full confidence in its ability to organize a remarkable edition of this international and major event, but also our condemnation of the defamatory campaigns against it.

– Our support for the Kingdom of Morocco, which will host the 9th World Forum of the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (9th UNAOC Global Forum), on November 22 and 23 in the city of Fez.

– Our support for the State of the United Arab Emirates which is preparing to host the 28th session of the Conference of States Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

– Our support for the candidacy of Riyadh (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) to host “EXPO 2030″.

In conclusion:

– We express our deep gratitude to the President of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Mr. Abdelmadjid Tebboune for his valuable efforts in organizing the Summit meetings with wisdom and foresight, and for his role in deepening the consultation and the coordination as well as the harnessing of all the conditions guaranteeing the success of this major  Arab event which took place in an exemplary fraternal and consensual spirit. Just as we highly salute his contributions and initiatives which have made this Summit a distinguished stopover in favour of joint Arab action”.


 31e Sommet arabe: “Déclaration d’Alger” (texte intégral)  02 Novembre 2022

ALGER – La 31e session du Sommet arabe d’Alger a été sanctionnée par la “Déclaration d’Alger”, lue en séance de clôture par le représentant permanent de l’Algérie auprès des Nations Unies, Nadir Larbaoui. En voici la traduction APS:

“Nous, dirigeants des Etats arabes, réunis dans la ville d’Alger en République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire, les 1er et 2 novembre 2022, correspondant au 7-8 Rabi’ al-Thani 1444 de l’Hégire, à l’occasion de la trente et unième (31) session ordinaire du Conseil de la Ligue des Etats Arabes au niveau du sommet, à l’aimable invitation de Son Excellence le Président Abdelmadjid Tebboune, Président de la République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire:

Mus par notre histoire commune et par les liens de solidarité arabe qui a épousé sa plus belle expression à travers l’adhésion des peuples et des pays arabes à la lutte du peuple algérien durant la Glorieuse Révolution de Novembre et les sacrifices des frères arabes pour le triomphe de leurs frères Algériens.

En remémoration des résolutions historiques prises par les dirigeants arabes lors de tous les sommets précédents, y compris ceux tenus en Algérie à des étapes charnières de l’histoire de notre Nation, et compte tenu des acquis collectivement réalisés lors de ces haltes en faveur des causes de la Nation arabe et de l’action arabe commune.

Conscients de la conjoncture délicate et des développements effrénés sur la scène internationale et des signes de l’état actuel de polarisation qui augurent d’une reconfiguration des rapports de force, avec tous les dangers que cette situation fait peser sur notre sécurité nationale et sur la stabilité de nos patries, et ce qu’elle nous dicte comme impératif de fédérer nos efforts pour préserver nos intérêts communs et se positionner en tant qu’acteur influent et agissant pour dessiner les contours d’un nouvel ordre international basé sur la justice et l’égalité souveraine entre Etats.

Nous saluons l’initiative de Son Excellence le Président de la République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire, M. Abdelmadjid Tebboune qui a choisi la “Réunification des rangs” pour thème de notre sommet, exprimons notre profonde fierté de partager, avec le président, le Gouvernement et le peuple algériens, les festivités marquant le 68e anniversaire de la Glorieuse Révolution de Novembre, et nous nous inclinons à la mémoire des vaillants martyrs qui ont irrigué de leur sang béni cette terre pure:

Nous déclarons ce qui suit:

Premièrement: Concernant la cause palestinienne

– Importance de la centralité de la cause palestinienne, du soutien absolu aux droits inaliénables du peuple palestinien, y compris son droit à la liberté, à l’autodétermination et à l’établissement de l’Etat de Palestine indépendant, pleinement souverain sur les lignes du 4 juin 1967, avec Al Qods Est pour capitale, le droit au retour et à l’indemnisation des réfugiés palestiniens, conformément à la résolution 194 de 1948 de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies.

– Attachement à l’Initiative arabe de paix de 2002, avec tous ses éléments et priorités, et engagement vis-à-vis d’une paix juste et globale en tant qu’option stratégique pour mettre fin à l’occupation israélienne de toutes les terres arabes, y compris le Golan syrien, les fermes de Chebaa et les collines libanaises de Kafr Shuba, et résoudre le conflit arabo-israélien sur la base du principe de “la terre contre la paix”, du droit international et des résolutions pertinentes de la Légalité internationale.

– Poursuite des efforts visant à protéger la ville d’Al-Qods occupée et ses lieux saints et à la défendre contre les tentatives inacceptables et condamnables visant à en modifier la démographie et l’identité arabo-musulmane et chrétienne ainsi que le statut historique et juridique, notamment à travers le soutien à la tutelle hachémite historique pour protéger les lieux religieux islamiques et chrétiens, et à l’Administration des waqfs d’Al-Qods et des affaires de la mosquée d’Al Aqsa relevant du ministère jordanien des Waqfs et des Lieux islamiques, disposant de la compétence exclusive en la matière, en sus du rôle du comité d’Al-Qods et du Fonds Al-Qods pour défendre la ville d’Al-Qods et soutenir la résistance de sa population.

– Levée du blocus israélien imposé à la bande de Ghaza et condamnation de l’usage de la force par l’occupation contre les Palestiniens, et de toutes les pratiques barbares, dont les assassinats et les arrestations arbitraires, tout en réclamant la libération de tous les détenus et les prisonniers, notamment les enfants, les femmes, les malades et personnes âgées.

– Adoption et soutien à l’approche de l’Etat de Palestine pour obtenir la qualité de membre à part entière aux Nations Unies, et appel aux pays n’ayant pas encore reconnu l’Etat de Palestine à le faire, outre l’impératif appui aux efforts juridiques palestiniens visant à tenir l’occupation israélienne pour responsable des crimes de guerre et des crimes contre l’humanité qu’elle a commis et qu’elle continue de commettre à l’encontre du peuple palestinien.

– Hommage aux efforts arabes déployés pour l’unification des rangs palestiniens, et à la signature par les frères palestiniens de la “Déclaration d’Alger”, issue de la “Conférence d’unification des rangs pour l’unité nationale palestinienne”, tenue à Alger du 11 au 13 octobre 2022 et nécessité de conjuguer les efforts des pays arabes pour accélérer la réalisation de cet objectif noble, notamment à travers l’accompagnement des frères palestiniens pour concrétiser les étapes convenues dans la Déclaration susmentionnée.

Deuxièmement: Concernant la conjoncture qui prévaut dans le monde arabe

– Renforcement de l’action arabe commune pour protéger la sécurité nationale arabe dans son concept global et sous toutes ses dimensions politique, économique, alimentaire, énergétique, hydrique et environnementale, et contribution au règlement des crises que traversent certains pays arabes, de manière à préserver l’unité des pays membres, leur intégrité territoriale et leur souveraineté sur leurs ressources naturelles à la hauteur des  aspirations de leurs peuples à une vie décente.

– Rejet de toute forme d’ingérence étrangère dans les affaires internes des pays arabes et attachement au principe des solutions arabes aux problèmes arabes à travers le renforcement du rôle de la Ligue arabe dans la prévention et le règlement des crises de manière pacifique, et renforcement des relations interarabes. Dans ce cadre, nous saluons les démarches et les efforts consentis par plusieurs Etats arabes, notamment l’Etat du Koweït, en faveur de la solidarité arabe et du Golfe.

– Pleine solidarité avec le peuple libyen et soutien aux efforts visant à mettre un terme à la crise libyenne à travers une solution inter-libyenne qui préserve l’unité et la souveraineté de la Libye, protège sa sécurité et la sécurité des pays voisins et réalise les aspirations de son peuple à l’organisation d’élections dans les meilleurs délais pour assurer une stabilité politique pérenne.

– Soutien au Gouvernement légitime du Yémen, à la formation du Conseil de direction présidentiel et aux efforts consentis pour parvenir à une solution politique à la crise du Yémen, conformément aux références en vigueur, tout en insistant sur la nécessité de renouveler la trêve humanitaire comme étape essentielle de ce processus visant la réalisation d’un règlement politique inclusif qui garantisse l’unité, la souveraineté, la stabilité et l’intégrité territoriale du Yémen et la sécurité des pays du Golfe arabe, ainsi que sur le rejet de toutes les formes d’ingérence étrangère dans ses affaires intérieures.

– Rôle collectif et de chef de file des Etats arabes dans les efforts visant à parvenir à une solution politique à la crise syrienne et au traitement de toutes ses retombées politiques, sécuritaires, humanitaires et économiques en vue de garantir l’unité et la souveraineté de la Syrie, réaliser les aspirations de son peuple et restaurer sa sécurité, sa stabilité et sa place aux niveau régional et international.

– Soutien à l’activité constitutionnelle en Irak, y compris la formation du Gouvernement, tout en saluant les efforts visant à réaliser la stabilité et le développement économique et à concrétiser les espoirs et les aspirations du peuple irakien, ainsi que les succès réalisés par l’Irak dans la lutte contre les organisations terroristes et les sacrifices de son peuple dans la défense de la souveraineté et de la sécurité de son pays.

– Solidarité avec la République du Liban pour la préservation de sa sécurité et de sa stabilité et soutenir les mesures qu’elle a prises pour asseoir sa souveraineté sur son territoire et son espace maritime, pour que ce pays mette en œuvre les réformes requises et que le Parlement élise un nouveau président du pays.

– Soutien à la République fédérale de Somalie pour la consolidation des bases de la sécurité et de la stabilité à travers la contribution des Etats arabes au renforcement des capacités nationales somaliennes dans le domaine de la lutte antiterroriste, en vue de permettre à ce pays frère de relever les défis qui se posent à lui dans l’étape actuelle, notamment face à la crise aiguë de la sécheresse.

– Soutien aux efforts continus en faveur d’une solution politique entre Djibouti et l’Erythrée concernant le différend frontalier et la question des prisonniers djiboutiens.

– Nécessité de contribuer à soutenir les Etats arabes qui ont traversé ou traversent une conjoncture politique, sécuritaire et économique difficile, ou ceux qui font face à des situations exceptionnelles du fait des catastrophes naturelles, par la mobilisation des moyens disponibles selon les formules en place aux niveaux bilatéral, arabe, régional et international.

– Nécessité de créer une zone dénucléarisée et exempte d’armes de destruction massive au Moyen-Orient, conformément aux références convenues, et d’inviter toutes les parties concernées à rejoindre et mettre en œuvre le Traité sur la non-prolifération des armes nucléaires (TNP), qui demeure la pierre angulaire du Système mondial de non-prolifération nucléaire.

Troisièmement: concernant le renforcement et la modernisation de l’action arabe commune

– S’engager à la poursuite du processus de renforcement et de modernisation de l’action arabe commune et à sa promotion à la hauteur des aspirations des peuples arabes, suivant une nouvelle approche confortant les cadres traditionnels et érigeant les préoccupations du citoyen arabe au cœur de ses priorités.

– Valoriser les propositions constructives présentées par le Président de la République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire, M. Abdelmadjid Tebboune pour l’activation du rôle de la Ligue arabe en matière de prévention et de règlement des conflits, en sus de la consécration de la dimension populaire et le renforcement de la place des jeunes et de l’innovation dans l’action arabe commune.

– Souligner la nécessité de lancer une dynamique interactive entre les institutions arabes officielles et les acteurs de la société civile avec toutes ses obédiences et forces vives, et ce à travers la création d’espaces d’échange d’idées, de débat fructueux et de dialogue constructif à même d’unifier les efforts pour relever les défis qui se posent avec l’association de tout un chacun.

– S’engager à multiplier les efforts pour la concrétisation du projet d’intégration économique arabe suivant une vision globale assurant une exploitation optimale des atouts des économies arabes, mais aussi des opportunités précieuses qu’elles présentent, l’objectif étant d’assurer une activation complète de la Grande zone arabe de libre-échange (GZALE), en prévision de la création de l’Union douanière arabe.

– Mettre l’accent sur la conjugaison des efforts en vue de consolider les capacités arabes collectives en matière de riposte aux défis posés dans les domaines de la sécurité alimentaire, sanitaire et énergétique, et de lutte contre les changements climatiques, tout en soulignant l’impératif développement des mécanismes de coopération en vue de l’institutionnalisation de l’action arabe dans ces domaines.

Quatrièmement: concernant les relations avec les pays du voisinage et les partenariats

– Souligner la nécessité d’établir des relations saines et équilibrées entre la communauté arabe et la communauté internationale, y compris son environnement islamique, africain et euro-méditerranéen, des relations reposant sur le respect des règles de bon voisinage, la confiance, la coopération fructueuse et l’engagement mutuel aux principes consacrés dans la charte des Nations Unies, en tête desquels le respect de la souveraineté des pays et la non-ingérence dans leurs affaires internes.

– Insister sur l’importance des forums de coopération et de partenariat existant entre la Ligue arabe et les différents partenaires internationaux et régionaux, étant des espaces importants pour la concertation politique et l’établissement des relations et de partenariats équilibrés, basées sur le respect et les intérêts mutuels.

Cinquièmement: concernant la situation internationale

– Souligner que les tensions croissantes sur la scène internationale mettent en évidence, plus que jamais, les dysfonctionnements structurels des mécanismes de gouvernance internationaux, et le besoin impérieux de les traiter au titre d’une approche garantissant l’équité et l’égalité entre tous les pays et mettant un terme à la marginalisations des pays en développement.

– Affirmer l’importance de la participation des pays arabes dans la définition des contours du nouvel ordre mondial post-Covid-19 et guerre en Ukraine, en tant que bloc harmonisé et uni et comme un acteur qui peut, avec sa volonté, ses capacités et ses compétences, contribuer de manière efficace et positive dans ce domaine.

– S’engager aux principes des non-alignés et à la position arabe commune vis-à-vis de la guerre en Ukraine, laquelle position repose sur le rejet du recours à la force et l’adoption de solutions pacifiques à travers l’adhésion effective du Groupe de contact de la Ligue arabe au niveau ministériel (composé de l’Algérie, d’Egypte, de la Jordanie, du Soudan, de l’Irak et des Emirats arabes unis, outre le secrétaire général de la Ligue arabe) aux efforts internationaux visant à cristalliser une solution politique à la crise en adéquation avec les principes de la Charte onusienne et prenant en ligne de compte les préoccupations sécuritaires des parties prenantes, tout en rejetant la politisation des organisations internationales. Mettre en avant, dans ce cadre, les efforts déployés par d’autres pays arabes à l’image du Royaume d’Arabie Saoudite.

– Valoriser la politique équilibrée adoptée par l’Organisation des pays exportateurs de pétrole et ses alliés (OPEP+), afin de garantir la stabilité des marchés énergétiques mondiaux et la pérennité des investissements dans ce secteur stratégique dans le cadre d’une approche économique assurant la protection des intérêts des pays producteurs et consommateurs à la fois.

– Relever la nécessité d’unifier les efforts visant à lutter contre le terrorisme et toute forme d’extrémisme, tarir les sources de son financement, et mobiliser la communauté internationale dans le cadre d’une approche aux dimensions complémentaires reposant sur l’engagement aux règles du droit international et aux résolutions pertinentes de l’ONU, notamment en ce qui a trait à la revendication des partenaires d’interdire l’utilisation de leurs territoires comme refuge ou plateforme d’incitation ou de soutien aux actes de terrorisme contre d’autres pays.

– Saluer les initiatives louables de certains pays arabes visant à mettre un terme à la prolifération de l’islamophobie, réduire les tensions et promouvoir les valeurs de tolérance, de respect de l’autre, de dialogue entre religions, cultures et civilisations, et de faire prévaloir les valeurs du vivre ensemble en paix, proclamée par l’ONU comme Journée internationale, à l’initiative de l’Algérie.

– Se féliciter, dans ce cadre, de la visite historique du Pape du Vatican au Royaume de Bahreïn, et de sa participation avec le Grand Imam de la Mosquée d’Al-Azhar Al-Charif, président du Conseil des sages musulmans, Dr. Ahmed Mohamed Al-Tayyeb, aux travaux du “Forum de Bahreïn pour le dialogue entre l’Orient et l’Occident pour la coexistence humaine”.

– Saluer le rôle important des pays arabes face aux défis majeurs auxquels est confrontée l’humanité, à l’instar des changements climatiques, tout en se félicitant, dans ce contexte, de l’initiative verte du Moyen-Orient, lancée par l’Arabie Saoudite.

– Affirmer la nécessité pour les Etats arabes de jouer un rôle éminent dans l’organisation des grandes manifestations internationales qui se veulent des évènements importants et structurants des relations internationales.

Nous exprimons dans ce cadre: 

– Notre soutien à la République arabe d’Egypte qui s’apprête à abriter la 27e session de la Conférence des Etats parties à la convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques.

– Notre appui à l’Etat du Qatar qui se prépare à abriter la Coupe du Monde de football 2022, et notre entière confiance en sa capacité à organiser une édition remarquable de cet évènement international, mais aussi notre condamnation des campagnes diffamatoires à son égard.

– Notre soutien au Royaume du Maroc qui accueillera le 9e Forum mondial de l’Alliance des Civilisations des Nations Unies, les 22 et 23 novembre dans la ville de Fès.

– Notre soutien à l’Etat des Emirats arabes unis qui se prépare à abriter la 28e session de la Conférence des Etats parties à la convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques.

– Notre soutien à la candidature de Riyadh (Royaume d’Arabie Saoudite) pour accueillir “EXPO 2030”.

En conclusion:

– Nous exprimons notre profonde reconnaissance au président de la République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire, M. Abdelmadjid Tebboune pour ses précieux efforts dans l’organisation et la gestion des réunions du Sommet avec sagesse et clairvoyance, ainsi que pour son rôle dans l’approfondissement de la concertation, de la coordination et la réunion de toutes les conditions garantissant la réussite de cette importante échéance arabe qui s’est déroulée dans un esprit fraternel et consensuel exemplaire. De même que nous saluons hautement ses contributions et initiatives ayant fait de ce Sommet une halte distinguée en faveur de l’action arabe commune”.


 

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